Education, by definition, is a very fluid concept and can be adapted in multiple ways. we might see that receiving a formal education is the most important one, but training or learning something specific informally is also a type of education individuals receive. In schools, colleges and universities, education is the process of training people to learn about their chosen subjects. But this definition is not limited, because every institution adopts a process to educate students, which now also has to be digitally compatible.
Let’s discuss the five major categorical types of education management systems available that can improve how any school or university functions:
External & Internal Management
An educational institution is inherently involved in multiple activities, within the school campus and externally with educational programmes from supporting institutions. Students, teachers or schools involved indirectly are the external elements. Sometimes, parents can also be considered as an external element because their participation in a management process varies from what the administration usually does for managing internal activities.
Internal educational programmes, on the other hand, require the active participation of students and teachers. Planning, executing and organising everyday classes, holding examinations, creating reports, and everything related to these stakeholders closely related to the school administration falls under internal management.
An Institute’s standard practice is to divide the management units for internal and external programmes for quicker response time in both areas. They can communicate with one another for interconnected activities. Having one software or system for both slows down the staff.
Democratic or Autocratic Management
Autocratic or authoritarian management Involves extreme strictness, almost stressing out students to the point where their academic performance is hampered. Although some institutes still follow authoritarian educational management with little to no power to actual teachers practising, modern education systems are slowly transforming into a more democratic systems.
A democratic procedure means different departments of the institute have freedom in decision-making, creating laws or policies within the department and improving efficiency along with productivity. When the school performs better, it automatically impacts students positively.
Centralised & Decentralised Management
Every stakeholder of the institution has a responsibility. Their job title defines this responsibility, teachers take classes, office staff records and coordinates data, and other individuals with their particular duties.
In centralised management, almost all major powers are vested in one person, namely the principal or headmaster. They are responsible for taking almost all decisions, directing activities, participating in all decision-making meetings and also providing feedback regularly with no relief. That is why centralised management is outdated, and now modern school management system prefers decentralised management for easy access to data for everyone in the institution.
- Independent decision-making with shorter communication gaps
- Efficiency among students and teachers
- Accuracy in taking corrective measures
There is no end to innovation, mostly because digital advancements keep turning over. With the pandemic, institutions were more lenient in accepting digital re formations but after the pandemic, it has been proven that it is impossible to carry on day-to-day functioning without management software.
Innovative management is a mix and match of multiple procedures involved, two different platforms in a hybrid mechanism so that students can take advantage of both offline and online classes conveniently. This innovation provides flexibility, comfort, and unique educational programmes to promote the overall development of students. For example, an institute might use a learning management system that combines an institution’s preferred nature of management, say decentralised management, digitally.
In simple terms, laissez-faire management involves complete freedom of every department functioning in the institution within logical and practical means. With minimal control and instructions, teachers and school staff can carry on everyday activities given they can provide supervision among themselves. Public schools have been successful in practising a laissez-faire educational management system, often with the help of little to no digital intervention at all.
No school follows a single method of management, to achieve all their long-term goals they must integrate multiple methods of managing day-to-day educational activities. For a successful academic session, institutions must decide on the type of management first and then integrate online software for school management to accomplish both the institution and student goals.